DNS Anomaly Detection

Dr. Johannes Ullrich of the SANS Internet Storm Center posted a great DNS Anomaly Detection script based on the query logs coming from his DNS server. We can do the same thing with Zeek’s dns.log (where Zeek captures all the DNS queries it sees on the network).

Note

Please note that the following script is only intended for standalone machines and will not work properly on distributed deployments. Another option which might work better ElastAlert and its new_term rule.

Thanks to senatorhotchkiss on our mailing list for updating the original script to replace bro-cut with jq:

#!/bin/bash

ZEEK_LOGS="/nsm/zeek/logs"
TODAY=`date +%Y-%m-%d`
YESTERDAY=`date -d yesterday +%Y-%m-%d`
OLD_DIRS=`ls $ZEEK_LOGS | grep "20*-*" | egrep -v "current|stats|$TODAY|$YESTERDAY"`
TMPDIR=/tmp
OLDLOG=$TMPDIR/oldlog
NEWLOG=$TMPDIR/newlog
SUSPECTS=$TMPDIR/suspects

for DIR in $OLD_DIRS; do zcat $ZEEK_LOGS/$DIR/dns* | jq '{"id.resp_p"},{"query"}' ; done  | grep -v "^5353" | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -k2 > $OLDLOG
zcat $ZEEK_LOGS/$YESTERDAY/dns* | jq '{"id.resp_p"},{"query"}' | grep -v "^5353" | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -k2 > $NEWLOG
join -1 2 -2 2  -a 2 $OLDLOG $NEWLOG | egrep -v '.* [0-9]+ [0-9]+$' | sort -nr -k2 | head -50 > $SUSPECTS

echo
echo "===================================="
echo "Top 50 First Time Seen DNS queries:"
echo "===================================="
cat $SUSPECTS