Docker is the world’s leading software container platform. Developers use Docker to eliminate “works on my machine” problems when collaborating on code with co-workers. Operators use Docker to run and manage apps side-by-side in isolated containers to get better compute density. Enterprises use Docker to build agile software delivery pipelines to ship new features faster, more securely and with confidence for both Linux, Windows Server, and Linux-on-mainframe apps.
If you download our Security Onion ISO image, the Docker engine and these Docker images are baked right into the ISO image.
If you instead use another ISO image, our installer will download Docker images from ghcr.io as necessary.
To prevent tampering, our Docker images are signed using GPG keys. soup verifies GPG signatures any time Docker images are updated.
To maintain a high level of stability, reliability, and support, our Elastic Docker images are based on the Docker images provided by Elastic.co.
After installation, you can see all Docker images with the following command:
sudo docker images
If a service is not writing its logs to
/opt/so/log, then you may need to check the Docker logs for more detail. For example, to check the Docker logs for Kibana:
sudo docker logs so-kibana
The manager node runs a Docker registry. From https://docs.docker.com/registry/recipes/mirror/:
If you have multiple instances of Docker running in your environment (e.g., multiple physical or virtual machines, all running the Docker daemon), each time one of them requires an image that it doesn’t have it will go out to the internet and fetch it from the public Docker registry. By running a local registry mirror, you can keep most of the redundant image fetch traffic on your local network.
Networking and Bridging¶
By default, Docker configures its bridge with an IP of
For many folks this is fine, but what if we actually use the the
172.17.0.0/16 range within our internal network(s)? This results in a conflict when trying to assign IP addresses to interfaces and trying to route outside of the host.
It is currently possible to change this at install time. Once you change this default docker network you MUST configure all nodes in the grid to use this range:
- During setup choose change docker network range.
- Enter your desired address range. You do not need the /24 at the end.
Our Docker containers all belong to a common Docker bridge network, called
so-elastic-net. Each container is also aliased, so that communication can occur between the different docker containers using said alias. For example, communication to the
so-elasticsearch container would occur through an alias of
You may come across interfaces in
ifconfig with the format
veth*. These are the external interfaces for each of the Docker containers. These interfaces correspond to internal Docker container interfaces (within the Docker container itself).
To identify which external interface belongs to which container, we can do something like the following:
From the host, type:
sudo docker exec so-elasticsearch cat /sys/class/net/eth0/iflink
This should provide you with a value with which you can grep the host
grep 25 /sys/class/net/veth*/ifindex | cut -d'/' -f5
You should then receive some output similar to the following:
vethc5ff027 is the external interface of
eth0 within the
If you have VMware Tools installed and you suspend and then resume, the Docker interfaces will no longer have IP addresses and the Elastic stack will no longer be able to communicate. One workaround is to remove
/etc/vmware-tools/scripts/vmware/network to prevent VMware suspend/resume from modifying your network configuration.
so-fleet- REQ - Fleet Web App
so-mysql- REQ - Fleet state data
so-redis- REQ - Required for live querying
so-playbook- REQ - Playbook Web App
so-navigator- OPT - Navigator Web App
so-soctopus- REQ - Automation
so-soctopus- REQ - SOCtopus App
so-elasticsearch- OPT - Automation
so-suricata- REQ - Suricata app
so-kibana- REQ - Kibana Web App
so-elasticsearch- REQ -
so-zeek- REQ - Zeek app
For more information about Docker, please see https://www.docker.com/what-docker.