Partitioning

Now that you understand Hardware Requirements, we should next discuss disk partitioning. If you’re installing Security Onion for a production deployment, you’ll want to pay close attention to partitioning to make sure you don’t fill up a partition at some point.

Minimum Storage

As the Hardware Requirements section mentions, the MINIMUM requirement is 200GB storage. This is to allow 100GB for /nsm and 100GB for the rest of /.

ISO

If you use our Security Onion ISO image, it will automatically partition your disk for you. If you instead use CentOS 7 or Ubuntu 18.04, you will most likely need to manually modify their default partition layout.

LVM

You may want to consider Logical Volume Management (LVM) as it will allow you to more easily change your partitioning in the future if you need to. As of Security Onion 2.0.3, our Security Onion ISO image uses LVM by default.

/boot

You probably want a dedicated /boot partition of at least 500MB at the beginning of the drive.

/nsm

The vast majority of data will be written to /nsm, so you’ll want to dedicate the vast majority of your disk space to that partition. You’ll want at least 100GB.

/

/ (the root partition) currently contains /var/lib/docker/ (more on that below) and thus you’ll want at least 100GB.

Docker

Docker images are currently written to /var/lib/docker/. The current set of Docker images uses 27GB on disk. If you’re planning a production deployment, you should plan on having enough space for another set of those Docker images for in-place updates.

Other

If you install using a standard CentOS 7 or Ubuntu 18.04 ISO, then those installers may try to dedicate a large amount of space to /home. You may need to adjust this to ensure that it is not overly large and wasting valuable disk space.

Example

Here’s an example of how our current Security Onion ISO image partitions a 1TB disk:

  • 500MB /boot partition at the beginning of the drive
  • the remainder of the drive is an LVM volume that is then partitioned as follows:
    • 630GB /nsm
    • 300GB /
    • 2GB /tmp
    • 8GB swap