System Monitor (Sysmon) is a Windows system service and device driver that, once installed on a system, remains resident across system reboots to monitor and log system activity to the Windows event log. It provides detailed information about process creations, network connections, and changes to file creation time. By collecting the events it generates using Windows Event Collection or SIEM agents and subsequently analyzing them, you can identify malicious or anomalous activity and understand how intruders and malware operate on your network.
Please note that the paper is a few years old and was therefore written for an older version of Security Onion.
You can download sysmon from Microsoft at https://download.sysinternals.com/files/Sysmon.zip.
Once you’ve downloaded sysmon, you probably also want to download a sysmon config to use as a starting point. Here are a few options to choose from.
Sysmon logs can be collected and transported using Elastic Agent. Confirm that your configuration does NOT use the Elastic Sysmon module. Security Onion will do all the necessary parsing.
Once Security Onion is receiving and parsing Sysmon data, you can search for that data and visualize it via Dashboards, Hunt, or Kibana. Each of these interfaces have at least one dashboard or query specifically designed for Sysmon data.